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What Should Be Considered While Breastfeeding?

Breastfeeding is the best way of communication for the baby to establish a loving bond with his mother. Breast milk protects the baby from diseases such as diarrhea and respiratory tract infections, and has an important role in the development of the jaw and teeth. Breastfed children are more resistant to diseases such as asthma, allergies, and pediatric diabetes. Since there is enough iron in breast milk, anemia is not seen in breastfed babies. In addition, breastfed babies are less likely to experience diaper rash, abdominal pain and constipation. It helps the baby's mental, physical and mental development. How to feed the baby with breast milk: From the first hours, the baby's willingness, under appropriate conditions and with the right technique, is the most important condition for the baby to be fed with breast milk. The hormones oxytocin and prolactin secreted during breastfeeding ensure the discharge of milk in the breast and stimulate the production of new milk. How a successful breastfeeding should be: First of all, correct embrace and positioning are necessary for a successful breastfeeding. The mother should normally sit in a comfortable chair with her back straight. The baby should be embraced by the mother in a way that her face and body are in the same direction and facing the mother, her head is higher than the body, that is, forming a curved line. The baby's head should be positioned just in front of the elbow crease, with the mother's arm on the side of the breast-fed breast bent at the elbow. The baby's lower arm should not come between the mother and the baby. The baby's head should not be pressed from behind. The bottom of the mother's arm can be supported with a pillow if necessary. After the baby is properly positioned and taken to the lap, the baby should be brought closer to the breast from the bottom up, with the lower lip under the nipple, while the four fingers of the other hand support the breast from below, the thumb should guide the breast at the top. The mother should touch the nipple to the baby's lips and open her mouth for sucking, when the baby opens her mouth wide, the nipple and the brown part around it (areola) should be given to the baby's mouth together. The baby's chin should rest on the breast, the top thumb should prevent the nose from being blocked. I wonder if my milk is sufficient: It is understood that the baby is fed adequately by urinating at least five times a day, wetting the diaper, reaching birth weight by the 15th day at the latest, and gaining at least 500-600 grams per month. The reason for the loss of natural weight in babies in the first days is the decrease in the proportion of water in the body and the displacement of water; should not be attributed to breast milk insufficiency. The number of defecations, the baby's restlessness, sleep disturbance or excessive crying are not reliable criteria for the amount of breast milk. Similar complaints can be seen in babies who weigh very well. Only the fact that the diaper is always dry and a small amount of poop in small and hard pieces such as sheep droppings can be a sign of hunger. Apart from these, the most important criterion is that the baby does not gain enough weight. Foods that Increase Breast Milk: Consuming at least 10-12 glasses of water every day ensures an increase in breast milk. In scientific studies, it is seen that some foods and plants increase breast milk in particular. One of them is fennel. Fennel; It is a herbaceous plant and increases breast milk. Nettle, basil and rosemary are other herbs that increase breast milk. Problems seen in babies who do not receive breast milk: Since the digestive system contains protective substances against infections, babies who do not receive breast milk often get infections. The risk of otitis media is higher than that of breastfed babies. -The risk of developing some chronic diseases is higher in babies who do not receive breast milk (such as Type 1 Diabetes, Celiac Disease, Obesity, Coronary Heart Diseases) - When breast milk, which helps the baby's spiritual, physical and mental development, is not taken, problems such as attention deficit syndrome and apathy may be encountered. Babies who are not breastfed cry more often.

Having Different Covid Vaccines in First and Second Doses 'Provides Good Protection'

According to a study conducted in England, having two different brands of Covid-19 vaccine in the first and second dose provides good protection against coronavirus. The Com-Cov study looked at getting two doses of Pfizer, two doses of AstraZeneca, and one followed by the other. All the combinations in the study worked and improved the immune system. Experts say this wisdom can provide flexibility in vaccination campaigns. The trial also revealed that those with two doses of AstraZeneca vaccine may have a stronger immune system response to the disease if they receive a third dose of a different vaccine in the fall. Some countries are already administering different vaccines in the first and second doses. Spain and Germany are administering Pfizer and Moderna vaccines as a second dose to young people who receive their first dose of AstraZeneca vaccine. Getting two doses of vaccination is important in terms of obtaining the most comprehensive protection and the body's production of antibodies and T cells learning to prevent and kill Covid. The results of the experiment, in which two doses of vaccine were administered to 850 volunteers over the age of 50, four weeks apart, are as follows; Doing Pfizer after Astra Zeneca elicited more antibody and T cell responses than doing AstraZeneca after Pfizer Both mixtures produced more antibodies than two doses of AstraZeneca. The highest number of antibodies occurred after two doses of Pfizer vaccine, and the highest T-cell response occurred after AstraZeneca with the Pfizer vaccine. Professor of Oxford University, who led the research. Matthew Snape said the findings did not affect the UK policy of giving two doses of the same vaccine to one person, adding: "We already know that giving two doses of the same vaccine 8 to 12 weeks apart is very effective against severe illness and hospitalizations, including the Delta variant." Snape stressed that the new results show that mixing doses is also effective.

The Number of Covid-19 Cases Worldwide Exceeds 98 Million

The number of new types of corona virus (Covid-19) cases worldwide has exceeded 98 million. The number of people who died due to the virus reached 2 million 100 thousand 404. According to the "Worldometers" website, where Covid-19 data were compiled, the number of cases detected in the Covid-19 epidemic spread around the world rose to 98 million 89 thousand 877. The number of people who died due to the virus reached 2 million 100 thousand 404. The USA is the country most affected by the epidemic with 25 million 196 thousand 86 cases and 420 thousand 285 casualties. In the number of cases, India with 10 million 626 thousand 200, Brazil with 8 million 699 thousand 814, Russia with 3 million 655 thousand 839, England with 3 million 543 thousand 646, France with 2 million 987 thousand 965, 2 million 560 thousand 587 with Spain, 2 million 428 thousand 221 with Italy, 2 million 412 thousand 505 with Turkey, 2 million 108 thousand 895 with Germany, Colombia and 1 million 972 thousand 345, 1 million 843 thousand 77 with Argentina, with 1 million 711 thousand 283 Mexico is followed by Poland with 1 million 457 thousand 755, South Africa with 1 million 380 thousand 807, Iran with 1 million 354 thousand 520, Ukraine with 1 million 177 thousand 621 and Peru with 1 million 82 thousand 907. In the number of casualties, Brazil with 214 thousand 228, India with 153 thousand 67, Mexico with 146 thousand 174, England with 94 thousand 580, Italy with 84 thousand 202, France with 71 thousand 998, Russia with 67 thousand 837, 57 Iran with 1 thousand 157, Spain with 55 thousand 41, Germany with 51 thousand 151, Colombia with 50 thousand 187, Argentina with 46 thousand 355, South Africa with 39 thousand 501, Peru with 39 thousand 274, Poland with 34 thousand 561, 27 thousand 203 with Indonesia, and Turkey, 24 thousand 640, 21 thousand 499 to 20 thousand 572 followed by Ukraine and Belgium. Around the world, 70 million 467 thousand 972 people regained their health by defeating the virus. Currently, 25 million 521 thousand 501 patients are under treatment.

Science Explains: 11 Minutes of Exercise Three Days a Week is Enough to Get in Shape

According to research conducted by McMaster University and Mayo Clinic researchers and published in the International Journal of Exercise Science, it was found that it is enough to exercise for 11 minutes three times a week for six weeks to lose weight. Martin Gibala, who carried out the research conducted by kinesiologists and stated that it reduced the rate of fat by 7 percent, said: “It is nice to see our expectations confirmed. It is pleasing to see that a short exercise is effective in losing weight and getting in shape ”. Here is that research and 11 minutes of exercise ... According to the research conducted in Canada, it has been announced that it is enough to do 11 minutes of exercise three days a week for a healthy body. According to the study conducted in partnership with McMaster University in Canada and the Mayo Clinic, 20 people with a body mass index above the normal level and the same were examined. According to the Italian Roma report website, 10 of the participants exercised 11 minutes three days a week for six weeks, while the other half did not do any sports. At the beginning of the study, all participants were subjected to athletic ability assessments while entering resistance and muscle measurement tests. The study, which was completed on 20 people who were retested six weeks later, found a 7 percent decrease in weight of the group engaged in sports compared to the group who did not. Martin Gibala, professor of kinesiology at McMaster University, who was involved in research by kinesiologists, scientists studying human movements, said, “It's good to see our expectations confirmed. It is pleasing to see that a short exercise is effective in losing weight and getting in shape ”.

How to do hair transplantation?

Hair transplantation is a necessary procedure as a result of the occurrence of hair loss, it is a common problem in men and women, and it greatly affects the mental health of individuals with hair loss. Every year, the number of patients receiving treatment for hair loss is increasing. hair transplantation; It is the process of transferring hair follicles from the regions where the hair follicles are denser to the areas that remain bald due to hair loss. Hair transplantation is a minor surgical procedure performed after the areas to be treated are numbed with local anesthesia. How does the process work after hair transplantation? Some or all of the transplanted hair experiences shock loss within 1-2 months. This is a situation that varies from person to person. While there is no shedding in some, it may even spill completely in others. It is generally expected that it will shed completely and this is a normal process. Shedding hair starts to grow after the dormant phase, that is, approximately 3 months after planting. And within 8 to 10 months, it will be in shape. Since the peak area is formed a little later, 10-12 months are needed for this area.

What Differences Are Between the Five Corona Virus Mutations That Worry the World?

At least five new types of the new type of corona virus keep scientists up at night. Detected in the southeast of England, the B117 variation has been seen in at least 60 countries so far. The researchers explained that the mutation in question spread 50-70 percent faster. Other mutations originating in South Africa, Brazil, the USA and Germany did not spread as rapidly as B117, but they do show a number of mutations that have caught the attention of geneticists. As a molecular immunologist at Rockefeller University, Dr. "To be honest, we haven't gotten much sleep lately. But so far, none of the mutations have done what scientists fear most and mutated enough to cause more serious illness. But we continue to study them all the time," said Christian Gerber. Here are five mutations that scientists constantly watch ... UK: B117 At the top of the list for scientists is the B177 mutation, which was first seen in the UK. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warned that the variant that spread to more than 60 countries last week could worsen the spread of the pandemic. A previous study by London College University in England found that B117 is 50-70 percent more contagious. However, Gregory Armstrong, who leads the Office of Advanced Molecular Monitoring at the CDC, told CNN, "The mutant virus does not cause severe disease, although it appears to spread faster. According to our current observations, it is decisive in hospitalization or death rates. "There is no increase." On the other hand, 17 genetic changes occurred in the B117 variant, including the spike protein to which the corona virus attaches to human cells. This means that mutations in the variant more easily enter the ACE2 receptors on the outer surface of the lungs, arteries, heart, kidneys and intestines. This leads to a higher probability of these particles infecting some cells in the sinuses or lungs if the air, which are corona virus particles, is inhaled. INFECTES 16 OUT OF EVERY HUNDRED PEOPLE Armstrong stated that the evidence that B117 is more easily transmitted is quite strong, “Approximately 11 out of 100 people who come into contact with someone infected with previous virus types become infected. However, 16 out of every 100 people who come into contact with someone with the B117 mutation are infected. Also, there is evidence that people infected with the B117 variant have higher viral loads. Therefore, it makes sense that the variant is more easily transmitted to humans because viruses invade the cells they infect and turn them into virus factories. "More infected cells means more viruses." SOUTH AFRICA: B.1.351 Much more physical changes occurred in the protein structure of the variant, named B.1.351 or 501Y.V2, first seen in South Africa than in the UK. In particular, an important change called E484K affected a significant part of the spike protein used by the corona virus to bind to cells. The researchers therefore believe that B.1.351 may partially reduce the effectiveness of vaccines. Commenting on the subject, Armstrong said, "The South African mutation is more concerned than other variants. Vaccine manufacturers and academic researchers are testing samples of this variant with others to see that it cannot survive the immune response caused by the mutant virus." "HUMAN BODY PRODUCED HUNDREDS OF DIFFERENT ANTIBODIES AGAINST SOUTH AFRICA MUTATION" On the other hand, Doctor Michel Nussenzweig of Rockefeller University does not think so. Nussenzweig and colleagues are working on the immune response to corona virus infection. The human body has produced hundreds of different antibodies to attack the South African mutation, according to the study published by the team in the journal Nature Monday. In the study, it was stated that people's immune response matured and got even better at targeting the virus. THE IMMUNE SYSTEM IS DEVELOPING AGAINST INFECTIONS "We have a pre-built reservoir of antibodies. The immune system goes into that pool and sees what fits well. Once it finds these antibodies, it can refine them and make them even better. Vaccines produce an immune response similar to natural infection. So, the immune response is an immune response," says Nussenzweig. "Even if a new variant emerges with mutations that allow it to bypass the part of it, the body produces antibodies that can see the non-hidden parts of the virus," he stressed that people should not worry about the mutation. BRAZIL: P.1 AND P.2 Two weeks ago, two mutations of the new type of corona virus, S.1 and S.2, were detected in Brazil. In a study conducted in Manaus, the capital of the Amazon, the P1 mutation was detected in 42 percent of the samples. 4 people from Brazil in Japan, the same varya

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