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Radiology is a branch of medicine that uses various imaging technologies in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases. Radiological examination is performed in almost every field of the health sector. Radiology uses different imaging modalities such as x-ray, magnetic resonance (MR), computed tomography (CT), and PET scan to produce images of internal body structures. It is divided into two broad fields as diagnostic radiology and interventional radiology. Radiology is a vital component of most medical decisions that affect patients, and radiologists can work with all clinical specialties.
It is very important for the organs and systems in the body to function correctly in order to live a healthy life and ensure that our quality of life remains high. The smallest problem to be experienced in one of the organs of the body system, which is interconnected with each other, adversely affects the correct functioning of the other organs. Ear, nose and throat are among the cornerstones of these system elements.
The "Otorhinolaryngology" department, popularly known as Ear Nose and Throat (ENT); It is a health field that specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of disorders in the head, neck, ear, nose and throat. In addition to basic diseases such as headache, chronic cold, sinusitis, sore throat, tinnitus, discharge, inflammation and snoring, mass detection in the head and neck region, thyroid and parathyroid diseases and tumors, salivary gland diseases and tumors, head and neck tumors (larynx, nasal passages) , such as intraoral, sinus and skull base tumors…) rhinoplasty and aesthetic procedures for the face, treatment of hearing loss and eardrum, and all kinds of procedures that require surgical intervention fall within the scope of the otolaryngology unit. In addition, special diseases such as tonsils and adenoids, which are usually seen in children and fall within the scope of the ear nose and throat unit, are also included in the treatment.
People of all age groups can apply to the otolaryngology unit. In order to diagnose the patient after listening to the patient's complaints by ENT specialists, first of all, a series of tests and analyzes are applied together with a detailed examination and endoscopic evaluation. As a result of the tests, the treatment method is determined according to the severity of the disease. The treatment is carried out directly by the specialists of the otolaryngology unit, as well as the opinions of experts in different fields according to the course of the disease.
In addition to new patients, patients with chronic diseases in these areas also apply to the unit in order to continue their treatment in a healthy way. In particular, patients who need to be checked periodically, such as aesthetic intervention in the surgical field of the ENT, have to undergo specialist examination at regular intervals. Thus, it is ensured that the post-treatment rehabilitation process continues in a healthy way.
Internal medicine is considered the basis for all branches in general medicine. In most of the patients and patients who apply to outpatient clinics, the discomfort is caused by internal diseases. Internal medicine deals with a wide range of diseases. However, the authority of internal diseases only covers individuals who have passed the childhood. Objective evaluation and treatment of the patient falls within the specialty of internal medicine. Specialists working in this department are authorized to resort to all treatment methods except surgical intervention.
Situations that develop suddenly and threaten the life of a person or the integrity of life are defined as emergency health conditions. According to the International Emergency Medicine Federation, although acute diseases or injuries are specified as issues that emergency medicine will intervene, the common problem in many countries is the patient density in emergency departments. .
What is Triage?
The word triage is derived from the English words "Triage" and French "Trier" and means "segregation, classification, prioritization". Triage is the task of determining the intervention priorities of those who need medical intervention. The current practice worldwide in Emergency Departments is primarily to triage patients. Thanks to an effective triage at the entrances of the Emergency Service, the intervention of patients in critical situations can be done without delay. Thanks to the triage process, patients who are in critical condition can reach their necessary examination and treatment needs as soon as possible, and hospitals also use their resources effectively.
In Ethical Life Medical Center Emergency Service T.C. Triage is applied in accordance with the relevant Regulations and Communiqués of the Ministry of Health. In our hospital, all Emergency Service personnel have received triage training and these trainings are repeated periodically.
Emergency Services are the mirrors of hospitals. All patient welcoming, diagnosis, hospitalization, operation, intensive care, discharge, in short, all diagnosis and treatment processes in hospitals are present in emergency services or are intertwined. In addition, Emergency Services should be structured in a way that they can provide all the necessary medical and social services to emergency patients who are admitted to the hospital uninterruptedly, since they are one of the units that operate continuously for 24 hours.
Since the reasons for the arrival of the patients who come to the Emergency Service are generally unexpected disorders, the patients are also worried apart from their arrival complaints. This anxiety is when a situation for which he does not know the reason leads him to a place he does not know and to people he does not know. Emergency Departments must be designed to help patients feel comfortable and safe. Doctors, nurses, administrative staff and assistant healthcare personnel working in Emergency Departments should also behave in a way that will help eliminate these potential concerns of patients.
Ethical Life Medical Center Emergency Service is one of the departments that stand out at first with its experienced staff, technological and medical infrastructure, unique architecture, functional design and physical positioning in the hospital. Ethical Life Medical Center Emergency Service offers various conveniences for both our patients and our employees thanks to its functional architecture. In the Emergency Service, there are 3 examination rooms, 1 surgical intervention room and an observation room with 6 beds where patients are examined and treated. In the Emergency Service, which has two separate entrances for ambulance and pedestrian entrances, there is a separate intervention room that is designed to intervene in minor traumas, incisions and injuries, orthopedic emergencies and where minor surgical procedures can be performed. In addition to this, in addition to the resuscitation procedures performed in the resuscitation room arranged for emergency intervention in critically ill patients and patients with severe trauma, any emergency intervention can be performed when necessary. There is also a monitoring room for patients with special conditions or diseases. Patients who may have special infections are taken to the negative pressure isolation room in the Emergency Service. Thanks to its neighborhood with the Radiology department of the Ethical Life Medical Center Emergency Service, it ensures that the patients who come to the Emergency Service can have imaging tests as soon as possible. Its close neighborhood with Intensive Care Units, Angiography Units and Operating Theaters and its connection with private corridors is also a functional convenience.
As in all units of the Ethical Life Medical Center, the laboratory samples of the patients in the Emergency Service are sent to the laboratory with barcodes via the Pneumatic Tube Transfer System (PTTS). Thanks to the PACS system in the Radiology Department of the Ethical Life Medical Center, the radiological images can be viewed on computer screens by the doctors without the need to print the films as soon as they are taken. All services provided in the Emergency Service are provided in accordance with the operational procedures prepared within the framework of Ethical Life Medical Center quality and accreditation standards. With the in-service training provided within the hospital, all personnel are provided to improve themselves.
In our Medical Center, we provide services starting from general diagnosis and treatment services related to Gynecology and Obstetrics, menopause and osteoporosis, birth control methods, follow-up of risky and normal pregnancies, diagnosis and treatment of gynecological cancers, painless delivery.
Our patients become part of a health process where all their health needs are met, they receive medical diagnosis and treatment services at national standards and are informed about the issues they are curious about.
General Gynecology Services
From adolescence to menopause, women of all ages are provided with outpatient clinic services, where all health problems are diagnosed and treated, and routine controls and preventive medicine practices are successfully performed.
Ultrasonography examinations, PAP-smear test, routine gynecology examinations are performed in our polyclinic for early diagnosis of gynecological cancers, especially infections that cause gynecological diseases, inguinal pain, menstrual irregularity.
The department of pediatric health and diseases, also known as pediatrics, is a branch of science that deals with the diagnosis, follow-up and treatment of individuals involved in the process from birth to adolescence. Congenital diseases of people defined as children between the ages of 0 and 18, vaccine follow-up that should be applied regularly after birth, mental, physical and motor development are followed by pediatricians. In the routine examinations carried out in this process, many processes such as the development of the babies' height, weight, nutrition and similar development as well as the development of daily life skills, expression and understanding, neurological and psychological developments are checked and followed. Physicians who deal with the difficult diagnosis and treatment of the diseases of babies whose communication skills have not yet developed, perform the examinations of individuals in childhood, taking their psychology into consideration. Pediatric physicians after 6 years of medical school education, they specialize in pediatrics for 4 years. There are many sub-branches of the child health and diseases department. Pediatricians specializing in these branches undergo additional training.
General surgery is a technical discipline that includes general principles (such as wound healing, metabolic and endocrine response to injury) as well as the treatment of systemic and local problems in the body with surgical methods and has influenced many surgical and basic medicine branches in terms of their development.
Surgery is one of the oldest branches of medicine and is based on repairing diseases, injuries, structural defects in the body that cannot be cured with medication or other treatment methods, or cutting out the diseased organ or tissue and transforming it into its natural and appropriate form.
Surgery types are often referred to by the name of the organ or the system it is connected to. Goiter (thyroid gland), breast, esophagus (esophagus), stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus, hernias, liver, gall bladder, bile ducts, endoscopic and laparoscopic surgical interventions are included in the field of General Surgery. When divided according to systems; Goiter operations, breast surgeries, esophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, large intestine, rectum and anus region surgeries, liver and hernia surgeries are covered by General Surgery. In some cases, General Surgery aims to prevent surgery not only by surgery but also by preventive medicine.
The Department of General Surgery works in cooperation and coordination with many disciplines due to the wide area of interest. Various types of cancer cases constitute the majority of General Surgery patients.
Another area of interest of General Surgery is traumatology. General Surgery Department undertakes the coordination of medical branches especially in severe multi-organ injuries.
In the General Surgery Departments of our hospitals, screening and detailed follow-up programs are also carried out for the early diagnosis of colon cancer and breast cancer, with the awareness of social responsibility for improving public health.
Physical therapy and rehabilitation, congenital or acquired muscle, nervous and skeletal system problems, as well as neurological diseases, orthopedic problems, hernia, paralysis, trauma, pain, arthritis, post-operative dysfunctions and other diseases. It is a specialty dealing with the diagnosis, treatment and preventive treatment of disabilities. For the treatment of function and movement losses that may develop differently in each person, many different treatment methods are applied to the patients by physical therapists.
The aim of the treatment is to eliminate the disorder that occurs as a result of different diseases and injuries and the situation that causes a decrease in the quality of life of the patient, to increase the independent movement potential, to eliminate the existing pain and complaints. In addition, modern rehabilitation techniques are applied by a specialist physical therapy and rehabilitation physician in order to eliminate the limitation of movement that occurs in patients after injuries and injuries during sports activities.
What is Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation?
Physical therapy and rehabilitation; It is a medical science that works with a multidisciplinary approach, that is, with other branches of medicine, for the improvement and elimination of the disability that affects the life and quality of life of the person, effectively returning the patient to his social life. The most appropriate treatment option is applied to the patient who is inpatient or outpatient in the physical therapy and rehabilitation department, taking into account his special situation. Many methods and technological equipment are used, such as heat applications, cryotherapy, cold applications, water treatment, treatment with electric currents, phototherapy, mechanotherapy and medication, in order to determine and eliminate the functional capacity that develops due to permanent and limitation of movement. In addition to muscular and skeletal system diseases, orthopedic rehabilitation applied after orthopedic interventions, movement disorders after stroke, facial paralysis, neurological rehabilitation after nerve injuries, and pediatric rehabilitation is applied for disorders that develop during childbirth. Rehabilitation after hand surgery for nerve cuts, fractures and similar problems, and rehabilitation of movement disorders due to burns are also performed by physical therapists.
What Is Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation Interested?
Physical therapy and rehabilitation department deals with the elimination of pain and inflammation in patients, providing blood circulation, reducing the need for medication, and eliminating the problems caused by posture disorders. Physicians of the department create programs specific to the patient and the disease, organize and apply treatment. Patients with osteoporosis, carpal tunnel, cubital tunnel, neck and lumbar hernia, trigger finger, lymph nodes known as lymphedema together with SMA patients and patients who received radiotherapy and mastectomy due to breast cancer receive support from physical therapy and rehabilitation. With many methods such as intra-articular and soft tissue injections, PRP applications, neurotherapy, mesotherapy and pain treatment with dry needle, it is aimed to eliminate the conditions or situations that cause movement limitation and return the person to his normal life.
In our hospital; Surgical and non-surgical treatment of knee, hip, waist, shoulder, hand, wrist, elbow, foot and ankle problems are successfully performed by our Orthopedics and Traumatology team.
The most common reason for our patients to apply to our orthopedic clinic; problems with the knee. This is because the knee joint is the most stressed joint compared to other joints. Joint cartilage disorders, meniscus tears, ligament injuries are common problems in the knee joint. These problems are; ache; It causes complaints such as swelling, feeling of hanging, feeling of emptiness. These complaints do not occur in the normal knee joint. If it is to be; makes it difficult to consult an orthopedic doctor as soon as possible. Today's advanced orthopedic treatment methods,
Meniscus tear and problems closed surgery
Surgical and non-surgical treatment of knee circumference fractures and dislocations
• It makes it possible to perform gonarthrosis (knee calcification) treatment (such as knee prosthesis) with a high success rate.
A painless and comfortable hip joint is indispensable for quality of life. Fractures, dislocations, infection, osteoporosis and joint arthrosis (calcification) are the most common hip problems. Restriction of hip joint movements and pain with movement are complaints that cannot be encountered in a normal hip. In the presence of any of these complaints, it is necessary to consult an orthopedic doctor. The most commonly treated hip joint problems are:
Congenital hip dislocation seen in children
Injuries caused by congenital hip dislocation; child and adult hip fractures
Children's hip fractures
Adult hip fractures
Hip joint and cartilage problems (calcification)
The shoulder joint is the most important joint for us to use our arm in coordination.
Pain, not raising our arm, weakness do not occur in a normal shoulder. In the presence of these complaints, our hands and arms cannot do their job properly on the wrist. In this case, it becomes imperative to consult an orthopedist. The most commonly treated problems in the shoulder joint are as follows.
Shoulder muscle tears
Tightness in the shoulder
Shoulder joint arthrosis (calcification)
HAND AND WRIST
There are exactly 27 bones of various sizes in the hand and wrist. Therefore, treatment is sensitive areas that require extreme attention and care. The most common problems of the hand and wrist that require treatment are as follows.
Finger, hand and wrist fractures and dislocations
Finger, hand and wrist dislocations
Muscle and tendon injury
Finger, hand and wrist cuts
Eye health is of great importance in terms of quality of life. If some eye diseases are not treated early, they may progress to permanent damage, leading to vision loss. For this reason, it is of great importance to have regular eye examination and to detect possible diseases in the eyes before they progress. Healthy people should undergo eye screening once a year, and those who have any complaints about eye health should be examined by the Eye Health and Diseases department.
Neurology consists of the words 'neuron' meaning nerve and 'logia' meaning working. The nervous system can be described as the wires and networks that transmit impulses from the brain to the organs and from the organs to the brain.
In previous years, neurology was called asabiye, because it is the Arabic equivalent of 'asab'. While the doctor specialized in the field of Neurology is called a Neurologist or a neurologist, the specialist doctors performing surgical procedures in this field are named as Brain and Nerve Surgeon.
Neurological disease symptoms
Many people have doubts as to which department to go to about their complaint. While consulting family physicians, he starts researches with his illness. Since neurology and neurological diseases are not well known by people, sometimes patients can apply to a neurologist very late. For these diseases, it may be necessary to consult a neurologist:
Headache, Dizziness, Numbness and weakness in hands, arms and legs and feet, Fainting, Visual disturbances, Involuntary movements, contractions, Diving attacks, Gait disorders, Shaking hands, Droopy eyelids, Face numbness and deformity, Forgetfulness, Behavior changes , Sleep disorders, Paralysis states, Back and neck pains
If a neurological disease or disorder is suspected, first of all, the patient's detailed history is taken and a physical examination is performed. Imaging tests such as Computed tomography (CT), Electroencephalography (EEG), Electromyography (EMG), Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or Positron emission tomography (PET) can also be used if necessary.
The skin is an organ that is open to the formation of diseases due to its constant contact with the external environment. Due to frequent exposure to environmental factors, chemicals, allergens and similar stimulants in daily life, the emergence of dermatological disorders may be easier. Diseases that may occur in the skin may cause aesthetic and cosmetic problems in some cases, and difficulties that may occur in performing daily functions in some cases. Therefore, dermatological diseases should be treated immediately as soon as they are noticed. Physicians who have received 4 years of specialist training after 6 years of medical education are involved in the diagnosis and treatment of skin diseases in Dermatology departments, also known as Dermatology or Dermatology and Venereal Diseases.
Which Diseases Are Treated in Dermatology Clinics?
Dermatology department provides services for the diagnosis and treatment of all skin diseases. Fungal diseases, psoriasis (psoriasis), acne, venereal diseases such as acne, puberty acne, eczema, syphilis, gonorrhea, treatment of all sexually transmitted skin diseases, skin cancers (diagnosis and treatment of melanoma), birthmarks, hair loss, drug allergies, hives (urticaria) treatment and investigation of its causes, sun allergy and its treatment, treatment of oral diseases, Behçet's disease, aphthae, tongue fungus and other diseases, genetically inherited skin diseases, warts, moles and molluscum, nail fungal diseases, nail thickening, Diagnosis and treatment of ingrown nails and other nail diseases, oily skin, dandruff are performed in dermatology departments.
How Are Dermatological Diseases Treated?
In dermatological diseases, drug therapy can be recommended to the patient after the diagnosis. In addition to drug treatment, dermocosmetic applications have an important role in eliminating skin problems. Some of the diagnostic and treatment methods applied in the dermatology department can be listed as follows:
RESEARCH AND TREATMENT OF CAUSES OF HAIR LOSS
Hair loss may occur due to vitamin and mineral deficiencies, stress, disorders in hormone levels and seasonal changes. It may be normal to see temporary hair loss periodically, and the fact that this problem continues to exacerbate for very long periods may be a symptom of serious diseases. For this reason, dermatology examination is absolutely necessary in order to investigate and prevent the cause of this problem in people with hair loss problem.
INVESTIGATION OF THE CAUSES OF EXCESSIVE HAIR
Excessive hair growth is a health problem that can be seen in both women and men and can make patients quite uncomfortable in terms of aesthetics. Although the most common cause of hair growth is hormonal imbalances, sometimes this problem can occur only with the effect of genetic factors. Treatment for excessive hair growth, also called hirsutism, is primarily aimed at determining the factors that cause hair growth and eliminating them. After these reasons are eliminated by treatment, epilation techniques can be used if deemed appropriate by the physician for the elimination of hair growth.
Laser epilation, which is the most commonly used method for permanent removal of unwanted hair in the world, should be applied under the control of dermatology specialists, by determining factors such as the device suitable for the skin type, wavelength, session interval, and paying attention to hygienic conditions. As a result of laser epilation with appropriate techniques, almost all of the unwanted hair can be permanently removed.
EXCESSIVE SWEATING TREATMENTS
The problem of excessive sweating, also called hyperhidrosis, is a condition that negatively affects the daily life and social activities of the patient. It usually manifests itself with an excessive sweating problem in the armpit area, palms and soles. Emotional problems such as stress, excitement and emotionalism may play a role in the development of the disease, and the cause must be investigated, as they may occur secondary to a serious illness.
REDUCING EXCESSIVE SWEATING WITH MEDICAL TREATMENTS
Excessive sweating must be treated in order to increase the quality of life and to make the patient feel comfortable in psychological terms. The primary goal in the treatment of the disease is to investigate whether there is any other underlying disease that causes sweating and to treat it. Later, depending on the physician's recommendation, if the excessive sweating problem continues, treatment options such as drug therapy, treatment with electric current, botox, surgical operation can be applied.
All non-surgical procedures applied to protect skin health and beautify the skin are within the scope of cosmetic dermatology and all of these procedures must be performed by dermatology specialists.
Anesthesia is the general name for all types of numbness and its literal meaning is numbness. A series of medical practices applied by anesthesiologists and reanimation specialists to ensure that the patient does not feel pain during surgery. The type of anesthesia to be applied is determined by the anesthesiologists and reanimation specialists, and it is given to the patient at the prescribed rates with devices called anesthesia delivery system to temporarily turn off consciousness. Eliminating consciousness, reflex and sensation while vital activities continue during the operation with anesthesia techniques that have been applied and developed continuously for about 150 years, are very important for both the patient and the physicians performing the operation. Thanks to this application, which provides comfort to the patient during the operation, the reflexes are suppressed and the muscle relaxation is provided, making the surgical intervention easier. It is also the specialty of the anesthesiologist to ensure the continuity of this situation throughout the operation period and to wake the patient with the termination of anesthesia drugs after the operation.
Types of anesthesia
When necessary, the types of anesthesia applied to facilitate the intervention and reduce or eliminate pain can be grouped under several headings. Depending on the type and length of the intervention to be performed by other physicians and surgeons, the anesthesiologist; chooses from general, regional, local anesthesia and sedation applications. Applies the anesthesia procedures deemed necessary to the patient. Sedation, which is among the types of anesthesia and is a part of general anesthesia, is generally applied to relieve the patient and to create a light sleep state.
The patient, who is welcomed by the anesthesiologist in the operating room, is first connected by the anesthesiologist to the necessary devices such as a heart monitor, pulse oximeter that measures the oxygen in the blood. With these devices, the vital functions of the patient are constantly monitored throughout the operation. Then, special medicines are given to cause muscle relaxation and sleep through the vascular access. Then, inhalation anesthetics, in other words different anesthetic gases, are given with oxygen from the respiratory tract by the anesthesiologist. Thus, the consciousness of the patient is closed in a controlled manner. After the continuity of respiration is ensured, surgical intervention begins and these gases are given as long as the operation continues. Throughout the operation, the anesthesiologist is always with the patient. Anesthetist; It constantly monitors all vital functions such as pulse, oxygen concentration in tissues, blood pressure, body temperature and respiration and does not leave the operating room. Modern anesthesia devices and anesthesiologists constantly observe the depth of sleep, so that situations such as waking up and awakening are not encountered during surgery. The duration of general anesthesia is completely variable depending on the type and duration of the surgery. When the surgery is completed, all inhalation anesthetics are turned off by the anesthesiologist and the tubes in the respiratory tract are removed. The patient is taken to the recovery room to slowly wake up and recover and his general condition is checked. Painkillers are applied when necessary to reduce existing pain. When the patient is fully conscious, the patient is switched to controlled analgesic administration. Here, if the patient's pain increases while resting, he presses a button in his hand to transfer some painkillers in addition to the serum that goes to the vascular access. Thanks to the pre-programmed device, overdose of painkillers is prevented and the comfort of the patient is increased.
It carries out activities such as preserving the health of teeth, gums and oral and jaw tissues directly related to human health, diagnosis, treatment and rehabilitation of diseases and disorders.
Orthodontics department is a specialty of Dentistry that deals with the proper placement of teeth on the dental bones (alveolar crests) and the diagnosis and treatment of facial irregularities. It is necessary to graduate from the faculty of dentistry that provides 5-year education at the university. Candidates who start working as dentists are entitled to become "orthodontists" after successfully completing their 4-year specialty training. In other words, candidates are required to have a total of 9 years of education, including university and specialty education. After this training, they can become orthodontists.
Oral, Dental and Maxillofacial Diseases and Surgery is a branch of surgery that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases, injuries and deformities of the mouth, teeth and jaws. In order to become a maxillofacial surgeon, it is required to graduate with a bachelor's degree from the Faculty of Dentistry, which provides a five-year education. After graduation, it is necessary to pass the Dentistry Specialization Exam (DUS) and complete a five-year jaw surgery residency.
After graduating from the faculty of dentistry, completing 3 or 5 years of residency or doctorate education on endodontics; Dentists specializing in the diagnosis and treatment of toothache and related pulp and periapical tissue diseases and other endodontic treatment applications are called endodontists.
Pedodontics is concerned with the protection and treatment of milk and permanent teeth in the period from birth to the age of 12-13, when all of the baby teeth are changed. After the completion of the Faculty of Dentistry, the dentists who continue their education in the Department of Pedodontics are called "pedodontists".
Specialists in this field are interested in prostheses developed for the mouth and chin. Taking molds of these prostheses, producing prostheses and checking whether the prosthesis fits the patient is relevant in this field.
This area generally works on the gum tissue. All diseases related to gums and their treatments are the subject of interest in this field.
This area generally works on the gum tissue. All diseases related to gums and their treatments are the subject of interest in this field.
Oral Diagnosis and Radiology
It is the department that deals with dental examination. Physicians in this area of expertise make the diagnosis of diseases and x-rays of the mouth and jaw.
It is about the correct, balanced and adequate nutrition of sick and healthy people. Although general nutrition rules are the same for all people, nutrition should be selected according to the individual characteristics of each individual. Although the perception of diet among the people is that overweight people lose weight, it is to remove the patient from both harmful eating styles and to teach the correct and balanced diet.
Inactivity in today's metropolitan life, fast-food diet, GMO foods, etc. It is obvious that proper nutrition has become a public health problem because of this.
Medical aesthetics is the name of some procedures we do to make people feel better, to look more beautiful and younger, or to slow down the aging process. These are non-surgical procedures. In these procedures, which we call noninvasive procedures, there are no incisions or very small incisions, so they are procedures that we do not need to enter the operating room. Frequently, it includes filling, botox applications, PRP applications, laser applications with devices, radiofrequency supported applications, applications performed with ultrasound.
In order to diagnose patients; Besides the physical examination of the physician, some additional diagnostic methods are also needed. For example; In addition to laboratory, radiological imaging, endoscopic procedures as well as in our Center; Biochemistry laboratory, Radiological imaging unit (Computed Tomography, Mammography, X-ray, Panoramic X-ray, Scopy, Color (doppler) ultrasound. Endoscopy Unit (Gastroscopy, Colonoscopy), Audiometry unit (hearing test unit), Newborn hearing aid, EMG in Neurology unit EEG devices are available.
Breastfeeding is the best way of communication for the baby to establish a loving bond with his mother. Breast milk protects the baby from diseases such as diarrhea and respiratory tract infections, and has an important role in the development of the jaw and teeth. Breastfed children are more resistant to diseases such as asthma, allergies, and pediatric diabetes. Since there is enough iron in breast milk, anemia is not seen in breastfed babies. In addition, breastfed babies are less likely to experience diaper rash, abdominal pain and constipation. It helps the baby's mental, physical and mental development. How to feed the baby with breast milk: From the first hours, the baby's willingness, under appropriate conditions and with the right technique, is the most important condition for the baby to be fed with breast milk. The hormones oxytocin and prolactin secreted during breastfeeding ensure the discharge of milk in the breast and stimulate the production of new milk. How a successful breastfeeding should be: First of all, correct embrace and positioning are necessary for a successful breastfeeding. The mother should normally sit in a comfortable chair with her back straight. The baby should be embraced by the mother in a way that her face and body are in the same direction and facing the mother, her head is higher than the body, that is, forming a curved line. The baby's head should be positioned just in front of the elbow crease, with the mother's arm on the side of the breast-fed breast bent at the elbow. The baby's lower arm should not come between the mother and the baby. The baby's head should not be pressed from behind. The bottom of the mother's arm can be supported with a pillow if necessary. After the baby is properly positioned and taken to the lap, the baby should be brought closer to the breast from the bottom up, with the lower lip under the nipple, while the four fingers of the other hand support the breast from below, the thumb should guide the breast at the top. The mother should touch the nipple to the baby's lips and open her mouth for sucking, when the baby opens her mouth wide, the nipple and the brown part around it (areola) should be given to the baby's mouth together. The baby's chin should rest on the breast, the top thumb should prevent the nose from being blocked. I wonder if my milk is sufficient: It is understood that the baby is fed adequately by urinating at least five times a day, wetting the diaper, reaching birth weight by the 15th day at the latest, and gaining at least 500-600 grams per month. The reason for the loss of natural weight in babies in the first days is the decrease in the proportion of water in the body and the displacement of water; should not be attributed to breast milk insufficiency. The number of defecations, the baby's restlessness, sleep disturbance or excessive crying are not reliable criteria for the amount of breast milk. Similar complaints can be seen in babies who weigh very well. Only the fact that the diaper is always dry and a small amount of poop in small and hard pieces such as sheep droppings can be a sign of hunger. Apart from these, the most important criterion is that the baby does not gain enough weight. Foods that Increase Breast Milk: Consuming at least 10-12 glasses of water every day ensures an increase in breast milk. In scientific studies, it is seen that some foods and plants increase breast milk in particular. One of them is fennel. Fennel; It is a herbaceous plant and increases breast milk. Nettle, basil and rosemary are other herbs that increase breast milk. Problems seen in babies who do not receive breast milk: Since the digestive system contains protective substances against infections, babies who do not receive breast milk often get infections. The risk of otitis media is higher than that of breastfed babies. -The risk of developing some chronic diseases is higher in babies who do not receive breast milk (such as Type 1 Diabetes, Celiac Disease, Obesity, Coronary Heart Diseases) - When breast milk, which helps the baby's spiritual, physical and mental development, is not taken, problems such as attention deficit syndrome and apathy may be encountered. Babies who are not breastfed cry more often.
According to a study conducted in England, having two different brands of Covid-19 vaccine in the first and second dose provides good protection against coronavirus. The Com-Cov study looked at getting two doses of Pfizer, two doses of AstraZeneca, and one followed by the other. All the combinations in the study worked and improved the immune system. Experts say this wisdom can provide flexibility in vaccination campaigns. The trial also revealed that those with two doses of AstraZeneca vaccine may have a stronger immune system response to the disease if they receive a third dose of a different vaccine in the fall. Some countries are already administering different vaccines in the first and second doses. Spain and Germany are administering Pfizer and Moderna vaccines as a second dose to young people who receive their first dose of AstraZeneca vaccine. Getting two doses of vaccination is important in terms of obtaining the most comprehensive protection and the body's production of antibodies and T cells learning to prevent and kill Covid. The results of the experiment, in which two doses of vaccine were administered to 850 volunteers over the age of 50, four weeks apart, are as follows; Doing Pfizer after Astra Zeneca elicited more antibody and T cell responses than doing AstraZeneca after Pfizer Both mixtures produced more antibodies than two doses of AstraZeneca. The highest number of antibodies occurred after two doses of Pfizer vaccine, and the highest T-cell response occurred after AstraZeneca with the Pfizer vaccine. Professor of Oxford University, who led the research. Matthew Snape said the findings did not affect the UK policy of giving two doses of the same vaccine to one person, adding: "We already know that giving two doses of the same vaccine 8 to 12 weeks apart is very effective against severe illness and hospitalizations, including the Delta variant." Snape stressed that the new results show that mixing doses is also effective.
The number of new types of corona virus (Covid-19) cases worldwide has exceeded 98 million. The number of people who died due to the virus reached 2 million 100 thousand 404. According to the "Worldometers" website, where Covid-19 data were compiled, the number of cases detected in the Covid-19 epidemic spread around the world rose to 98 million 89 thousand 877. The number of people who died due to the virus reached 2 million 100 thousand 404. The USA is the country most affected by the epidemic with 25 million 196 thousand 86 cases and 420 thousand 285 casualties. In the number of cases, India with 10 million 626 thousand 200, Brazil with 8 million 699 thousand 814, Russia with 3 million 655 thousand 839, England with 3 million 543 thousand 646, France with 2 million 987 thousand 965, 2 million 560 thousand 587 with Spain, 2 million 428 thousand 221 with Italy, 2 million 412 thousand 505 with Turkey, 2 million 108 thousand 895 with Germany, Colombia and 1 million 972 thousand 345, 1 million 843 thousand 77 with Argentina, with 1 million 711 thousand 283 Mexico is followed by Poland with 1 million 457 thousand 755, South Africa with 1 million 380 thousand 807, Iran with 1 million 354 thousand 520, Ukraine with 1 million 177 thousand 621 and Peru with 1 million 82 thousand 907. In the number of casualties, Brazil with 214 thousand 228, India with 153 thousand 67, Mexico with 146 thousand 174, England with 94 thousand 580, Italy with 84 thousand 202, France with 71 thousand 998, Russia with 67 thousand 837, 57 Iran with 1 thousand 157, Spain with 55 thousand 41, Germany with 51 thousand 151, Colombia with 50 thousand 187, Argentina with 46 thousand 355, South Africa with 39 thousand 501, Peru with 39 thousand 274, Poland with 34 thousand 561, 27 thousand 203 with Indonesia, and Turkey, 24 thousand 640, 21 thousand 499 to 20 thousand 572 followed by Ukraine and Belgium. Around the world, 70 million 467 thousand 972 people regained their health by defeating the virus. Currently, 25 million 521 thousand 501 patients are under treatment.
According to research conducted by McMaster University and Mayo Clinic researchers and published in the International Journal of Exercise Science, it was found that it is enough to exercise for 11 minutes three times a week for six weeks to lose weight. Martin Gibala, who carried out the research conducted by kinesiologists and stated that it reduced the rate of fat by 7 percent, said: “It is nice to see our expectations confirmed. It is pleasing to see that a short exercise is effective in losing weight and getting in shape ”. Here is that research and 11 minutes of exercise ... According to the research conducted in Canada, it has been announced that it is enough to do 11 minutes of exercise three days a week for a healthy body. According to the study conducted in partnership with McMaster University in Canada and the Mayo Clinic, 20 people with a body mass index above the normal level and the same were examined. According to the Italian Roma report website, 10 of the participants exercised 11 minutes three days a week for six weeks, while the other half did not do any sports. At the beginning of the study, all participants were subjected to athletic ability assessments while entering resistance and muscle measurement tests. The study, which was completed on 20 people who were retested six weeks later, found a 7 percent decrease in weight of the group engaged in sports compared to the group who did not. Martin Gibala, professor of kinesiology at McMaster University, who was involved in research by kinesiologists, scientists studying human movements, said, “It's good to see our expectations confirmed. It is pleasing to see that a short exercise is effective in losing weight and getting in shape ”.
Hair transplantation is a necessary procedure as a result of the occurrence of hair loss, it is a common problem in men and women, and it greatly affects the mental health of individuals with hair loss. Every year, the number of patients receiving treatment for hair loss is increasing. hair transplantation; It is the process of transferring hair follicles from the regions where the hair follicles are denser to the areas that remain bald due to hair loss. Hair transplantation is a minor surgical procedure performed after the areas to be treated are numbed with local anesthesia. How does the process work after hair transplantation? Some or all of the transplanted hair experiences shock loss within 1-2 months. This is a situation that varies from person to person. While there is no shedding in some, it may even spill completely in others. It is generally expected that it will shed completely and this is a normal process. Shedding hair starts to grow after the dormant phase, that is, approximately 3 months after planting. And within 8 to 10 months, it will be in shape. Since the peak area is formed a little later, 10-12 months are needed for this area.
At least five new types of the new type of corona virus keep scientists up at night. Detected in the southeast of England, the B117 variation has been seen in at least 60 countries so far. The researchers explained that the mutation in question spread 50-70 percent faster. Other mutations originating in South Africa, Brazil, the USA and Germany did not spread as rapidly as B117, but they do show a number of mutations that have caught the attention of geneticists. As a molecular immunologist at Rockefeller University, Dr. "To be honest, we haven't gotten much sleep lately. But so far, none of the mutations have done what scientists fear most and mutated enough to cause more serious illness. But we continue to study them all the time," said Christian Gerber. Here are five mutations that scientists constantly watch ... UK: B117 At the top of the list for scientists is the B177 mutation, which was first seen in the UK. The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) warned that the variant that spread to more than 60 countries last week could worsen the spread of the pandemic. A previous study by London College University in England found that B117 is 50-70 percent more contagious. However, Gregory Armstrong, who leads the Office of Advanced Molecular Monitoring at the CDC, told CNN, "The mutant virus does not cause severe disease, although it appears to spread faster. According to our current observations, it is decisive in hospitalization or death rates. "There is no increase." On the other hand, 17 genetic changes occurred in the B117 variant, including the spike protein to which the corona virus attaches to human cells. This means that mutations in the variant more easily enter the ACE2 receptors on the outer surface of the lungs, arteries, heart, kidneys and intestines. This leads to a higher probability of these particles infecting some cells in the sinuses or lungs if the air, which are corona virus particles, is inhaled. INFECTES 16 OUT OF EVERY HUNDRED PEOPLE Armstrong stated that the evidence that B117 is more easily transmitted is quite strong, “Approximately 11 out of 100 people who come into contact with someone infected with previous virus types become infected. However, 16 out of every 100 people who come into contact with someone with the B117 mutation are infected. Also, there is evidence that people infected with the B117 variant have higher viral loads. Therefore, it makes sense that the variant is more easily transmitted to humans because viruses invade the cells they infect and turn them into virus factories. "More infected cells means more viruses." SOUTH AFRICA: B.1.351 Much more physical changes occurred in the protein structure of the variant, named B.1.351 or 501Y.V2, first seen in South Africa than in the UK. In particular, an important change called E484K affected a significant part of the spike protein used by the corona virus to bind to cells. The researchers therefore believe that B.1.351 may partially reduce the effectiveness of vaccines. Commenting on the subject, Armstrong said, "The South African mutation is more concerned than other variants. Vaccine manufacturers and academic researchers are testing samples of this variant with others to see that it cannot survive the immune response caused by the mutant virus." "HUMAN BODY PRODUCED HUNDREDS OF DIFFERENT ANTIBODIES AGAINST SOUTH AFRICA MUTATION" On the other hand, Doctor Michel Nussenzweig of Rockefeller University does not think so. Nussenzweig and colleagues are working on the immune response to corona virus infection. The human body has produced hundreds of different antibodies to attack the South African mutation, according to the study published by the team in the journal Nature Monday. In the study, it was stated that people's immune response matured and got even better at targeting the virus. THE IMMUNE SYSTEM IS DEVELOPING AGAINST INFECTIONS "We have a pre-built reservoir of antibodies. The immune system goes into that pool and sees what fits well. Once it finds these antibodies, it can refine them and make them even better. Vaccines produce an immune response similar to natural infection. So, the immune response is an immune response," says Nussenzweig. "Even if a new variant emerges with mutations that allow it to bypass the part of it, the body produces antibodies that can see the non-hidden parts of the virus," he stressed that people should not worry about the mutation. BRAZIL: P.1 AND P.2 Two weeks ago, two mutations of the new type of corona virus, S.1 and S.2, were detected in Brazil. In a study conducted in Manaus, the capital of the Amazon, the P1 mutation was detected in 42 percent of the samples. 4 people from Brazil in Japan, the same varya
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